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PORTLAND PANDIT

Hindu Priest & Astrologer

Portland, Oregon, USA | 971.221.0663 | portlandpandit@gmail.com

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Hindu Ritual

Engagement Ceremony

Gol Dhana – Sagaai (Engagement): The engagement ceremony is an important pre-wedding ritual in Indian cultures where the would-be-bride and the bridegroom-to-be come face to face and are formally betrothed to each other by their families. The Hindu tradition of ‘Vagdanam’ dates back to Vedic ages, and it involves the groom’s family giving their words to the bride’s family that they will accept their daughter and will be responsible for her future wellbeing.

1. Sankalpa, Poonyahvachanam and Ganesha Puja.
2. Request by the groom's father for the bride's hand for his son. bride's father's approval.
3. Groom pujan, bride's brother offer coconut, garland and saakarpado etc.
4. Bride's father and his daughter propose the marriage at the appropriate muhurtam.
5. Groom's father and his son reconfirm the proposal.
6. Bride worships shachi for the success of the future marriage.
7. Mangal Aarati of the bride by 5 women
8. Bride and the groom exchange the rings.
9. Introduction of each family member including both bride's and groom's family member and Moshal paksha
10. Formal engagement announcement, ashirvad (blessing), congratulations.

Pre-wedding Ceremony (Also know as Ganepat)

The Gujarati Wedding starts with Ganesh Sthapan; an invitation to Lord Ganesh to be present at this occasion. His presence is believed to ensure the smooth running of the ceremonies and to remove any obstacles, bringing happiness and prosperity. Next follows the Mandap Mahurat. Although family and close friends attend the "Mandap mahurat", only the women of the household observe the 'puja'. The 'pujari' performs a brief 'puja' at the shrine then puts 'tikka' on the foreheads of four men from the family, usually brothers of the bride/groom.

He goes on to give them a small bamboo stick with 'nada chari' (red thread) wrapped around it and Manek Sthumbh (the pillar of gem). The men link their hands and carry this to the site of the ‘Mandap (the canopy under which the wedding will be held)’ and embed it into the earth. This stick is symbolic of one of the poles of the 'Mandap', which will support the canopy. This follows the ceremony of Grah Shanti which is performed in presence of the parents and along with relatives and friends. The priest will tie Meendhal to the right hand of the bride/groom, symbolizing an emblem of purity.

Thereafter is the Pithi which entails rubbing a paste made out of green beans flour, turmeric, rose water, and other variable ingredients, on the brides’s/groom's skin. Supposedly, the paste when rubbed on is excellent for the skin and evens out skin tone. Family members and friends often times have fun getting the groom completely covered in the paste. With all of these ceremonies conducted in the day, the Garba party is held in the evening. The Garba party is where all friends and family come together for a fun filled night. It is just a night to share the joy and happiness together with each other and everyone, the young and old dance all night long! You just can’t miss this!

NavGraha Shanti(also known as Saatak)

The Graha Shanti is typically done a day before the formal marriage ceremony so that maximum number of outside guests can attend the function. The primary purpose of the pre-wedding rituals is to kick off the religious and social festivities leading to the marriage ceremony. These rituals are known by various names such as Devak, Satak, Graha Shanti etc. These rituals are typically done separately by the boy's and girl's parents in their own homes. However, they can also be done together, if necessary. It takes about an hour to set up and one hour to do these rituals.

Graha Shanti Puja is done to appease the particular planet which is an adverse position in one's horoscope or to enhance the effect of a positive influence of a particular planet. Each planetary power has to be appeased in a different way and thus the Puja ritual.

Surya/Sun Puja : is to appease the planetary power Sun, the supreme power of the solar system. Surya Puja is indicated when Sun is powerless or depleted in the horoscope.

Chandra/Moon Puja : is performed to appease the planetary power of the Moon, the Second Supreme power in astrology,the Queen. Moon is the planet, which rules our emotions, our thoughts and fortune, fame, memory, success, happiness, and comforts.

Mangal/Mars Puja : is performed to appease planet Mars. Mars is the 'Prince' among all the planets. Performing Mangal Puja can reduce the troubles and hurdles caused due to malefic position of Mars in the horoscope.

Budh/Mercury Puja : is performed to appease planet Mercury. Budh Puja enhances the power of speech and is recommended to reduce the tribulations caused due to malefic position of Mercury in the horoscope.

Brihaspati/Jupiter Puja : is perform to appease planet Jupiter. Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. According to Hindu Shastra, "Brahaspati" is known as "Guru" or teacher of all "Devtas". Jupiter is very auspicious planet and Puja in honor of Jupiter enhances wisdom, knowledge, religion, fortune, happiness, welfare, joy, devotion, spirituality, generosity, charity, gentleness, statesmanship, fame, wealth , respect, reputation, honor, dignity and social status. If Jupiter is well placed in the horoscope one can enjoy all the joys of life. Yet, one can find his life ruined in all respects due to malefic effects of planet Jupiter. Brihaspati Puja is recommended to increase the power of the benefice Jupiter or to reduce the tribulations caused by malefic Jupiter.

Shukra/Venus Puja : is performed to appease planet Venus, the Guru of demons, Venus is the most shining and beautiful planet in the solar system. Shukra Puja is recommended to remove the malefic effects of Venus in one's horoscope.

Shani/Satran Puja : is performed to appease planet Saturn, Saturn is the slowest planet in the solar system. If Saturn is malefic in one horoscope chart then Shani Puja is recommend to remove the malefic effects.

Rahu Puja : is performed to appease the planetary power Rahu, the dragon's head. Rahu is said to be a shadow planet. When the Dragon's Head is malefic in one horoscope chart then Rahu Puja is recommended to remove the malefic effects.

Ketu Puja : is performed to appease planetary power Ketu, the dragon's tail. Ketu is also said to be a shadow planet. If Dragon's Tail is malefic in one horoscope chart then Ketu Puja is recommend to remove the malefic effects.

Wedding Ceremony

"A Hindu wedding is Vivaha and the wedding ceremony is called Vivaah Sanskar in North India and Kalyanam in South India. Hindus attach a great deal of importance to marriages. The ceremonies are very colorful, and celebrations may extend for several days."

In Hindu culture, marriage is one of the most important sanskaras or rites of passage that a Hindu observes during his or her lifetime. Briefly stated, the marriage or the Vivaah Sanskar is the transition from the first stage of life, devoted to education and learning, to the second stage of life, devoted to building a household and raising children. The married couple pursues Dharma, performing the righteous duty, Artha, the acquisition of wealth and Kama, the enjoyment of natural desires. They lead a productive life of work, service and enjoyment, fulfilling various duties and obligations towards themselves, their families and society at large. In Hindu scripture, marriage is a sacrament with strong moral and ethical values. It is meant to unite the bride and the groom firmly so that they essentially become one in soul and spirit.

The Hindu marriage ceremony is primarily based on the marriage of Surya, the daughter of Savita (The Sun) to Ashwinikumar, as described in the Rig-Veda, one of the oldest Hindu scriptures. After Ashwinikumar wins the chariot race, Savita gives away the bride in a splendid ceremony. It is written in Sanskrit, one of the oldest language in the world.

Think of the actual wedding ceremony as if it were a romantic story, where the bride and the groom come to the Mandap, separately, as if unknown to each other. Then they fall in love and ask the parents' permission to get married. We explain them what the Hindu marriage means and they accept the obligations that go with it. During the various rituals, the couple commits to remain faithful to each other and repeat the pledge in front of the Fire God, the Agni and all the witnesses. Then, they walk four(every Hindu wedding has at least four pheras. These pheras signify the four main aims of life: Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha) or seven (In an Arya Samaji wedding, the couple take seven pheras. The groom leads for the first four pheras. After this, he walks behind the bride, who leads the last three pheras, thus signifying that the wife will always lead the husband) steps together committing to Seven marriage vows to each other, about their future life together. We all bless them and wish them a very happy life and they leave the Mandap as a newly married couple!

The traditional hosts for the ceremony are the bride's parents. The groom and his family are the guests arriving from outside to the Mandap. The ceremony revolves around the bride and her transition to the in law's home. The ceremony depicts the transition for the Bride and the Groom, from the first stage of their lives, Brahmacharyashram, to the second stage of their lives, Grahasthashram.

It takes you thru the logical steps of first meeting of the bride and the groom, their decision to get married, bride's parents giving away the bride, the couple committing to marriage in front of the sacred fire, bride's transition to her in-law's home, the couple taking the seven vows and the friends and families blessing the newly wedded couple.

Following are the essential steps of the ceremony. They will be customized to each specific wedding and the overall program will be distributed at the ceremony.

Swagatam/Welcome ceremony - Welcoming Groom & his family The Barat, the singing and dancing procession of the groom and his family, reaches the wedding venue. The bride's family welcomes them with Aarti and sweets, as a symbol of happiness and good tidings to come and escort them to the wedding hall.

Shree Ganesh Prayers & Poonyahvachanam After all are seated, we start the ceremony with prayers to Lord Ganesh to bless this occasion and make the marriage ceremony free of obstacles. We solicit the blessings of elders and our forefathers, and pray for this to be an auspicious day for the marriage ceremony.

Vadhu Aagman - Arrival of the Bride Bride is brought to the mandap typically by her maternal uncle, along with bridesmaids, and grooms'men. An antarpat, an auspicious cloth, separates Bride and Groom as a symbol of their separate existence prior to the marriage.

Mangalashtakam & Sankalpa- Mutual Approval, after the Mangalmantras are recited, Bride and Groom garland each other, indicating their mutual approval to proceed with the ceremony. The Pandit explains them the objectives of the Vivaah Samskar and then they propose to marry each other and enter the Grahasthashrama as a married couple.

Kannyadaan - Giving Away the Bride In the Brahma Vivaah, the highest form of Hindu marriage, Bride's parents, "give away" the Bride as one of the noblest acts they will perform in their lifetime. Bride and Groom then commit to remain faithful to each other, while pursuing Dharma, Artha and Kama. Bride's mother pours holy water on bride's father's palms, which flows into Groom's and then into Bride's palms, symbolizing the continuity of life, repaying the debt to their forefathers and the passing of the family heritage to the next generation.

Akshatropanam & Panigrahanam (Hastmelap) - Expectations from Married Life The Bride and the Groom communicate their expectations of married life and show their consent by showering rice on each other. Bride requests his support for a healthy and prosperous family life. Groom requests her support in pursuing Dharma and for her cooperation in his various endeavors for a successful life. They accept each other's hands with blessings of Heavenly Gods with a promise to stay together for the rest of their lives, symbolically tying each other's wrists with sacred thread which is called Sutrabandhanam.

Vivaah Homa - Worshiping the Sacred Fire Vivaah Homam is the start of the Grahasthashrama for the couple. The couple lights the Agni, the holy fire that symbolizes light, power and knowledge, and acts as a witness to the ceremony. Bride and Groom repeat the sacred pledge of marriage and request Agni to be the messenger for their prayers to various Gods, for Santati (children), Sampatti (wealth & prosperity) and Deergharogya (long & healthy lives).

Laja Homa & Agni Pradakshina - Starting the Marriage Journey They circle the sacred fire four times, starting their transition into married life, supported by Bride's brother, as her lifelong supporter. As they circle the fire, Groom poetically describes to Bride their complementary relationship. I am the sky, you are the earth. I am the thought, you are the speech. I am the fire and you are the fuel. I am the song, you are the verse;I am the ocean, you are the shore. I am the strength but you are the beauty. I am the Purush, and you are my Prakriti. Let us live together lovingly & bring up our progeny. Let us lead a joyful life of a hundred years. Please ascend this stone and be as firm throughout our married life. After the Agni Pradakshina, the Bride moves to the left side of the Groom; indicating her transition to the Groom's family.

Saptapadi - Taking the Marriage Vows with Seven Steps The couple takes seven steps together to reiterate their aspirations of their married life.
1. With the first step, we will provide for and support each other.
2. With the second step, we will develop mental, physical & spiritual strength.
3. With the third step, we will share the worldly possessions.
4. With the fourth step, we will acquire knowledge, happiness and peace.
5. With the fifth step, we will raise strong and virtuous children.
6. With the sixth step, we will enjoy the fruits of all seasons.
7. With the seventh step, we will always remain friends and cherish each other.

Mangalsutrabandhanam - Marriage Commitment to Each Other Groom adorns Bride's neck with the Mangalsutra, a necklace symbolizing good luck, love and friendship. Groom applies kumkum on Bride's forehead, now as a Soubhagyavati. Bride applies chandan tilak on Groom's forehead, now as a Grahastha. With the wedding ring exchange, they commit to support each other, in good times and bad times, in happiness and sorrow, with unending love. They are joined together in a marriage knot by the Groom's sister or mother, as a symbol of their permanent bond

Ashirvad - Blessings and Kanya Vidai We all offer our blessings to the couple for long and happy lives together. After being declared as Husband and Wife, Groom and Bride bow to all invited guests and leave the mandap as a newly married couple as the guests shower them with flower petals.

Grih Pravesh/Vastu Shanti

Grih pravesh also know as vastu shanti puja or House warming ceremony. The house we live in is not an object made of brick and mortar but an entity with the "Grih Pravesh"or the spirit of the house dwelling in it. A house becomes a home when the residents of the house quell the spirits, purify the environment by reverberation of the mantras and the smoke emanating from the hawan. All the planetary deities are also pacified by Puja. The owner of the house and his family all sit together on an auspicious day and perform the devata Puja Ganesh puja, Entrance puja, navgraha puja, vastu purhsh and mandal puja. Grah shanti Puja and the hawan to make the house habitable. This ritual is believed to ward off any bad spirits, negative energy that may be present in the house and bring peace, prosperity and good health for the inhabitants. Thus, the "grih pravesh" is an important ritual that one should perform before one enters a new home. This ritual is an extension of "vastu shashtra", a science that tells us the best way to build a house and the optimizes the use of spaces that are used as residences, offices or factories.

Vastu Shanti: Vastu Shanti is a part of Sthapatya Veda (vedic architecture). According to the Vastu shastra, energy imbalances in the home are the cause of obstacles in one's progress. Sometimes there are faults in construction to add to any innate problems with the present energy of the environment. This Yagya is highly recommended when moving into a new home. It removes all evil and negativity of the home, improves the health of the residents, increase creativity & inner intelligence, increase the longevity of life, growth in spiritual & material life, increase harmony & stability in family. In commercial place by performing Vastu yagya improves the efficiency of employees, expansion & profit in business. The process involves energizing the actual ground or bhoomi, the foundations, the central pillars and the entrances of the house. It is also highly beneficial if some one is not living in a house according to vastu. It corrects the Vastu dosha when performed periodically. This is done before ground breaking. After purchasing the land the person have to contact their astrologer to take the muhurta for ground breaking . Then on the basis of that muhurta Panditji will do Puja and Yagya.

Griha Pravesh puja and yagya: It is done after completing the house and on this day special Yagya very briefly will take place and the house owner with family will enter in that home. This Yagya is for pacification of all negative energy and increasing more harmony, wellbeing and overall progress in that home. Many things have to followed during the time of construction. Panditji will guide if some one needs his service. So importantly for having a good house according to Sthapatya Veda is, choosing a proper land, starting every thing with proper muhurta and Yagya, construction as per the vedic rules and recommended performing Vastu puja and yagya before entering the home first time.

Why is Satyanarayan Puja preferred for Griha Pravesh (house warming ceremony)? - Satyanarayan puja is preferred for Griha pravesh (New house opening) & shaadi(marriage) because Satyanarayan God is referred to God of Truth & this God shows all family members & life partnership to move in direction on Truth principle through which person afraid to do wrong deeds & sin as he follows God of truth which develop in himself a fear consciousness towards doing bad deeds & follows path of truth & always in good direction of flow with moral ethical values. Truth is self development uprise in himself with spiritual & feel proud to himself & deserves high respect in society. Their is no God without prevailing Truth. Our whole world rely upon Faith in God & Trust in God because of Truth God (Satyanarayan God).

Shree Ganesha Puja

श्री वक्रतुण्ड महाकाय सूर्य कोटी समप्रभा निर्विघ्नं कुरु मे देव सर्व-कार्येशु सर्वदा॥
ॐ एकदन्ताय विद्धमहे, वक्रतुण्डाय धीमहि, तन्नो दन्ति प्रचोदयात्॥

As per Hindu belief, Lord Ganesha is one of the most important deities and in every puja people perform Ganesh Puja. We see in many occasions that before beginning any new or good work they worship or offer prayers to Lord Ganesha.

Even the festival like Vastu puja, Durga Puja begins with the formal ritual offered to the Ganesha. Ganesh Puja holds very much importance on the day of this festive occasion and it is a belief that by offering prayers to the deity, one can easily get rid of all troubles and become prosperous.

During the puja people also make offerings of abeer, gulal, saffron paste, sandal paste garland of cotton beads and more as per the wish of a particular person. All this really enhances the atmosphere of the home especially the place of puja. This is of much significance during the all kindg of celebration. All over the country as it is the bringer of positive energy.

Shree Satyanarayan Katha

Satyanarayana Puja: In kali Yuga, people lead mechanical life in search of happiness and not able to perform japa, homa, puja etc in the pretext of lack of time. Hence the God almighty himself has provided a solution namely satyanarayana vratanusthana a simplest way to seek blessings of the lord.

Satyanarayana puja/ vratanusthana is narrated in Skandapurana. The puja is generally performed in the evenings of full moon day or Ekadasi or any other auspicious day in connection with marriage/house warming/fulfillment of desire etc. Satyanarayana puja is performed in reverence to the lord Satyanarayana form of lord Mahavishnu. The Lord in this form is considered to be the embodiment of the truth.

Satyanarayana puja is one form of lord vishnu that has been worshiped as the embodiment of faith and truth, popular amongst all vishnu believers and devotees. it has several benefits, which have affected the lives of worshippers in many ways. people who have strong faith on lord satyanarayan often perform this ritual several times in a year. the puja begins with a prayer to lord ganesh, the remover of all hindrances and obstacles that come our way in due course of life. This is performed by chanting the names of lord ganesh and offering some rituals with prasad like modak (believed to be lord ganesh’s favorite), and showering the idol with flower petals. NavGraha puja is also recommended to seek blessing from navgraha.

This is a Hindu religious observance. It is a ritual performed by Hindus before or on any major occasion like marriage, house warming ceremony etc., It is believed that this Puja originated in Bengal as Satya Pir and all communities perform it for their family welfare.
1. Satyanarayan Puja is one of the best & easiest ways to seek blessings from Lord Vishnu, who is the God responsible for maintenance of this Universe.
2. Typically Satyanarayan Puja is to be performed before and/or after the fulfillment of our desires e.g. if you want to achieve some important milestones in your life like success in Higher Education, Success in career, promotion, buying a new vehicle, new house, starting a new business, negotiating big professional deals etc...
3. Satyanarayan is also useful if someone in the family is not well.
4. In order to maintain general happiness, prosperity and well being of the family it is advisable to perform Satyanarayan Puja at least once every year.
5. There is no hard and fast rule as to when Satyanarayan Puja to be performed. Morning or evening time is ideal for Puja. You can perform it after major achievements in life. So also it is ideal to perform Satyanarayan Puja once every year. It is a great auspicious occasions to invite friends and relatives.
6. It is a custom to have some program of singing, dancing, playing musical instruments etc... with well wisher friends and relatives after the Puja is over.
7. Satyanarayan Puja is to be performed on an auspicious day in consultation with Panditji.
8. Satyanarayan is about 2.5 to 3 hours Puja

Godh Bharai/Shrimantam Sanskar (Baby Shower)

The Punsvan Sanskar (Baby Showers)Godh Bharai is performed during the period of pregnancy, invoking blessings for divine protection for his/her bright future. Generally performed Ganesha Puja with chanting of mantras during a Puja strengthens health development of the gross (physical), subtle (mental) and astral (conscious) body of the child.

Godh Bharai is a ceremony that hold utmost spiritual significance in India with different lingual communities having their own name for this Hindu ritual. In Northern India, it is called Godh Bharai, in the East it is called 'Shaad' and in the South it is called Shrimantam. The day starts with a Ganesh Puja. When the expectant mother enters the room on her way to the puja space, a silk cloth with betel nut and one rupee coin is placed under her feet and this continues until she arrives. Her or her husband’s sister then gathers up the items.
After the puja, the expectant mother sits on a small four-legged stool and a red dot is put on her forehead (and sometimes on her hands as well). For protection a yellow thread (Raksha / Rakhadi) is tied on the expectant mother’s wrist by her sister-in-law and she is offered sweet curd to eat.

Traditionally, the godh bharai ceremony begins by having the mother-to-be decked up like a bride. She is then made to sit in a place of honor. Then the mother-to-be holds out her 'palla' or the draped part of her saree. All the guests bless the pregnant lady and put their gifts in her 'godh' or lap. This is where this pregnancy ritual gets it name from. The mother-to-be is also fed delicious foods during the ceremony usually prepared by her mother or mother-in-law. In fact, all her favorite dishes are prepared for the godh bharai ceremony. Every woman who are part of the godh bharai function whisper into the pregnant lady's ears and say something good about her baby.

The relatives and family members make all kinds of effort to keep the mom-to-be happy and stay smiling always. They receive advices, suggestions and many gifts on this occasion that helps the parents-to-be to get prepared for the arrival of the child. The ceremony is concluded by singing and dancing to celebrate the coming of a new member in the family. This Hindu ritual is carried out during the 7th month of pregnancy. This means that the child is now in a safe. The lap of the mother-to-be is filled with fruits and gifts and blessings from elders. However, the time period varies among different communities. Sometimes, this ritual can also be done in the 8th or 9th month of pregnancy.

The expected mom wears new clothes and her hands are filled with henna designs. Many elders give useful suggestions as the mother is going to enter a new and very important phase of her life after this. The tradition and the way of performing Godh Bharai may differ from one place, state or family to another but the process remains more or less the same. The expecting women takes blessings from God and then from elders and is offered various gifts and presents that are usually for the mom or the child. The basic purpose of a godh bharai ceremony is to give the mother-to-be lots of love and gifts for herself and her baby. Godh bharai is usually an all-women function. Men are not allowed in this ceremony. It is the women of the family who have a gala time centered around the mom-to-be.

Traditionally men did not attend baby shower ceremonies as well but in today's cosmopolitan environment, they are not left out. Godh bharai is a religious ceremony and not just a gathering of friends like a baby shower. Godh bharai is done on an auspicious date selected by the priests. In some communities a puja is also performed during this ceremony. Apart from being given many generous gifts, the mother-to-be is fed a lot of delicious foods during this ceremony. Like all other Hindu rituals, godh bharai is also an excuse to bring together family and friends to foster a feeling of community. Indians consider any addition to their family as a blessing of God and so celebrate all such occasions with great enthusiasm.

Namkaran Sanskar (Naming ceremony)

Naamkaran, is a traditional Hindu naming ceremony. In Sanskrit 'naam' means 'name' and 'karan' means 'to create' or 'to effect'. The ceremony is performed to formally choose the newborn's name and celebrated with family and friends.

According to Hindu traditions, the naamkaran ceremony is usually performed within a few weeks of the baby's birth. The eleventh or twelfth day after birth is considered the most auspicious day for the ceremony. Some parents also choose the day based on their religious leader's advice and the naamkaran may be held on any day after the tenth day, and before the baby's first birthday. Some of these ceremonies have religious or cultural significance. The ceremony of naming the child - A sacrament for imposing of divinity in newly-born human child. The Namkaran Sanskar (Naming Ceremony) of the child is normally performed on the tenth day after birth, but can be performed within a month or whenever name is given to child. It is also a sacrament for imposition of divinity in a newly born child.

During this ceremony, the importance and education is given to parent and other family members that the child should be given the atmosphere where his/her inherent qualities can be awakened and undesirable traces of previous birth can be uprooted. The child should be named in a manner that is meaningful and reflects a noble quality. During Namkaran sanskar parents are encouraged that child is also for society & should be encouraged to be friendly with other family members, neighbor & whole world.

Mundan Sanskar (tonsure ceremony)

Mundan or Tonsuring is an important ceremony for Hindus. It is also known as chaula or choodakarana.

Among Hindus, the mundan is performed during the first or third year of a child's life. In some regions, the mundan is done only for the male child. However, in most families girls have a mundan too. The mundan is performed on a specific date at an auspicious time. The day and time is decided by a priest based on the time of the birth. A havan or homam is performed by a priest. The mother sits with the child in her lap and faces the west of the sacred fire. The priest shaves off a part of the child's hair while chanting sacred hymns. After that, the barber shaves off the rest of the hair. In some families, the father performs the initial rite instead of the priest. The shaven head is washed with holy water (Gangajal). Then a paste of turmeric and sandalwood is applied. It is believed that this mixture cools the head and speeds up the healing of any nicks and cuts. The shaved hair is either offered to a deity or to a sacred river like the Ganga. Your priest may offer another way to dispose of the hair. In some cultures, a tuft of hair is left on the head (also known as shikha, choti, or bodi). It is said that shikha protects the brain.

In most communities a mundan or first haircut is done in the belief that it purifies the child. Many also believe that a mundan:
1) Rids the baby of his past life's negativity
2) Bestows a long life and a good future
3) Protects the child from the evil eye
4) Cleanses the child's body and soul
5) Helps to keep the baby's head cool, especially in hot summer months
6) Helps relieve headache and pains caused by teething
7) Improves the growth of the baby's hair

Yagnopaveetham Sanskar (Janev)

ॐ भूर्भुवः स्वः तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं भर्गो देवस्यः धीमहि धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात्
ॐ यज्ञोपवीतं परमं पवित्रं प्रजापतेर्यत्सहजं पुरस्तात् । आयुष्यमग्र्यं प्रतिमुञ्चशुभ्रं यज्ञोपवीतं बलमस्तु तेजः ।
yajnopavitam paramam pavitram prajapateryat-sahajam purastat |
Ayushyamagryam pratimuncha shubhram yajnopavitam balamastu tejah

Above sloka describes the sanctity, spirituality and sacredness of yagnopavit and its benefits. It says that,yagnopavitam is "the best among those that purify; the one that has emerged along with Brahma(Prajapati) at the time of creation; that which bestows life (longevity) and prominence; the one that is sacred clean and unsoiled; and the one which confers on to the wearer both knowledge and power.

Yagnopaveetham Sanskar (Janev) The most important sanskar for teenagers and youth , regardless of gender. It indeed gives "new birth" ( dwijatva ) to a person. Among Hindus, there are sixteen rituals (sanskaras) to be performed from the pre-natal to the post death period. These sanskaras are essential for man’s physical, mental and spiritual development. The ceremony is also called Upanayana, which means to bring (the pupil) near the teacher for initiation.

Yagnopavit is a joint word made of two fragments - Yagna and Upvitam. Yagna means a sacrificial ceremony and Upvitam means sacred thread. Therefore, Yagnopavit is a ceremony where sacrifices are pledged and a sacred thread is worn as a reminder of that pledge. Upanayana is also a joint word made from Upa and Nayan. Upanayana means first step towards the guidance to knowledge which includes spiritual knowledge. Yagnopavit is symbolic of the initiation of a person into performing his threefold-duties to the household, the devtas and to his pitras (deceased elders). The three strands of Yagnopavit represent the manifestation of Brahman as Srishti, Sthithi and Vinasha. The knot in the middle, the Brahmagand, represents the formless-Brahman, the pure form of energy which pervades all. The strands also illustrate the fact that everything in the universe emerge from, and then merge back with Brahman.

Why should one wear Yagnopavit? Wearing Yagnopavit would increase the longevity of a person who wears, gives physical and mental strength through the worship of Sun God (Savitha) using Gayathri Mantra initiated during his Upanayanam. By wearing Yagnopavit one gets purified both externally and internally. By wearing Yagnopavit one gets the eligibility to perform spiritual and sacred rituals (Sroutha/Smartha Karmas) as prescribed in Vedas for his Varna. Sacred rituals performed by wearing Yagnopavit give good results. One should not attend to nature calls, eat food, and participate in sensual pleasures without Yagnopavit. It is a prerequisite for learning Veda. It is a passport to obtain Vedic education. Yagnopavit is a mark of formal entry into Brahminhood. It gives power and authority to pursue ones spiritual path.

Significance of wearing Yagnopavit The Vedic link that a child looses when the umbilical cord is cut is re established in the form of Yagnopavit. In other words, Yagnopavit serves as an umbilical cord that connects him not just to his immediate parents or the immediate three generations but to the entire tree of generations and the Rishi on whose root the whole tree flourished. The three strands remind the wearer that he has to pay off the three debts (Runas) he owes to the ancient seers, ancestors and to the God viz. Deva, Rushi, Pithru Runa. Yagnopavit is not a mere symbol to identify a community. One who wears Yagnopavit need not necessarily be a Brahmin and the one who does not wear Yagnopavit may not be a non-Brahmin either. Yagnopavit has sanctity of its own and one has to qualify himself for wearing it not by birth alone but also by practice. He alone is a Brahmin who does his Nithya Karma, follows the path of Sanatana Dharma and remains free from ego, avarice, anger and pride.

Nine fibers One deity is established in each fiber as follows:
1. Omkar.
2. Agni (deity of fire).
3. Nag (serpent).
4. Som (moon).
5. Pitar (ancestors).
6. Prajapati (deity of procreation).
7. Vayu (air).
8. Yama (deity of death) and
9. Vishvadevata (deity of the universe).
Three strands are created by twisting three of the nine fibers in each strand.
The three Vedas
1. Rigveda,
2. Yajurveda and
3. Samaveda are established on each of these strands.
Three fibres are woven into one strand and the three strands are then knotted together. This knot is called the Brahmagatha (gatha means a knot) or the Brahmagranthi (granthi means a gland). [The knot of sacred grass (darbha) tied to a gold ring (pavitrak) is also called a Brahmagranthi.] It is the site of establishing the Atharvaveda. This knot is extremely important and one requires skill to tie it

Antyeshti Sanskaar (Antim Sanskar)

Antyesti or Hindu funeral rites, also referred to as Antim Sanskar, is an important Sanskara, sacrament of Hindu society. Among them, the post-death rite is the final sanskār. If post-death rites are performed with faith and as prescribed by our Scriptures, then the linga-dēha (subtle body) of the deceased person, without getting trapped in Bhulok (Earth region) or Martyalok (The region of the dead), acquires a positive momentum and moves on to higher regions. Consequently, the possibility of the deceased person tormenting the family members reduces. The dead body is placed in the north-south direction, because the Yama (Deity Yama) waves that move in that direction are attracted towards the corpse. These Yama waves form a sheath around the corpse, which facilitates quick disintegration of the subtle putrefying gases within. Likewise, a part of the subtle putrefying gases are released into the outer environment through the nostrils and excretory openings of the corpse. This frees the dead body of putrefying gases contaminated with Raja-Tama attributes, simultaneously making it very difficult for the negative energies to take control of the corpse. This is the sole reason for keeping a dead body in the north-south direction

The Antyeshti Sanskaar is the last of the most important 16 sanskaars described in our scriptures. The term "Sanskaar" is often interpreted to mean "rights of passage". This description aptly fits the Antyeshti Sanskaar more than any of the others. Death, to the Hindu, is merely the end of one phase of a long journey - for some - to God realization. The journey of the Atma embodied in a subtle form continues in the hereafter with the advent of death. This journey is described as being, for the sinner, a torturous one, beset with many difficulties, dangers, trials and tribulations. It is with a view to making this passage into the hereafter as easy and as simple as possible that the Hindu performs the Antyeshti Sanskaar for his beloved ones with great faith, love and devotion (shradhaa), so that the atma of that individual will attain a good state (sadgati) in the hereafter.

The asthī (bones of the deceased) are collected either on the day of cremation or on the 3rd, 7th or 9th day and are immersed in flowing water before the 10th day. It is better to collect asthi on the 3rd day following cremation rites. If asthī are to be immersed after the 10th day then it should be done only after performance of the ritual of tīrtha-shrāddha. According to the science of rituals, rites such as tilānjali and pinḍadān (Ritual of offering of rice balls) should be performed beginning from 1st day till the 10th day. Visham shrāddha should be performed on odd days. If that is not possible then uttar-kriya should begin from at least the ninth day. Nowadays, however, pinḍadān that should be performed from 1st day to 10th day is performed as a combined ritual on the 10th day. On 10th day, pinḍadān is performed in a Shiva temple or in a temple of an inferior Deity situated on the bank of a river.


शुक्लांबरधरं विष्णुं शशि वर्णं चतुर्भुजं ।
प्रसन्न वदनं ध्यायेत सर्व विघ्नोपशान्तये॥

Gajendra Moksha गजेन्द्रमोक्षः or The Liberation of Gajendra is Puranic legend from the 8th Skandha of Bhagavad Purana, one of the most sacred books in Hinduism. It is one of the famous exploits of Lord Vishnu. In this moving episode Lord Vishnu came down to earth to protect Gajendra, the Elephant from the clutches of Makara, the Crocodile and awards him moksha or salvation. Gajendra is then said to have attained the similar four-armed form (Sarupya Mukti) of God and goes to Vaikuntha with Lord Vishnu.

There was once an elephant named Gajendra who used to live in a garden called Rtumata which was created by Varuna. This garden was situated in the beautiful mountains of Trikuta in ancient India. Gajendra ruled over all the other elephants in the herd. On a hot day, he proceeded with his herd to a lake to cool off in its fresh waters. Suddenly a crocodile living in the lake attacked Gajendra and caught him by the leg. Gajendra tried for a long time to escape from the crocodile's clutches. All his family, relatives and friends gathered around to help him, but in vain. The crocodile wouldn't simply let go. When they realised that ‘death’ has come close to Gajendra, they left him alone. He trumpeted in pain and helplessness until he was hoarse. As the struggle was seemingly endless and when the last drop of energy was also sapped, Gajendra called to god Vishnu to save him, holding a lotus up in the air as an offering. It is believed that Gajendra's foot was held by the crocodile for over a thousand of years. Hearing his devotee's call and a prayer, Lord Vishnu rushed to the scene. As Gajendra sighted the Lord coming, he lifted a lotus with his trunk, seeing this lord was pleased and with his Sudharshana Chakra separated the crocodile's head from its body and Gajendra prostrated before the Lord. Vishnu informed Gajendra that he, in one of his previous births, was the celebrated King Indradyumna, a Vishnu devotee, but due to his disrespect to the great Sage Agastya, he was cursed and had to undergo this life. Because Indradyumna was a chosen one, Lord Vishnu had him born as Gajendra and made him realize that there is something called, "Kaivalya" which is beyond Svarga and Urdhva Loka. Indradyumna could attain Moksha finally when he (as Gajendra) left all his pride and doubt and totally surrendered himself to Vishnu. The prayer made by Gajendra on this occasion became a famous hymn in praise of Vishnu called the Gajendra Stuti.
it is believed that this incident has happened in Sonepur. There is a Temple Devoted to Lord Vishnu known as "Hariharnath Mandir" at the banks of Gandaki River. Sonepur hosts one of the world's largest cattle fairs in Asia which starts on Karthik Poornima. Sonepur also has the confluence of four rivers.

11th,12th and 13th day ceremony (also know as shrāddha puja)

According to the science of rituals, rites such as tilānjali and pinḍadān (Ritual of offering of rice balls) should be performed beginning from 1st day till the 10th day. Visham shrāddha should be performed on odd days. If that is not possible then uttar-kriya should begin from at least the ninth day. Nowadays, however, pinḍadān that should be performed from 1st day to 10th day is performed as a combined ritual on the 10th day. On 10th day, pinḍadān is performed in a Shiva temple or in a temple of an inferior Deity situated on the bank of a river or home.

Sūtak The specific period of impurity applicable to the members of the family lineage and relatives of a person (after the death of the person) is known as sūtak.
Rules pertaining to application of sūtak
1) To the family members of the dead, sūtak is applicable for a period of ten days, while to the performer of the last rites it is applicable for twelve days, until the ritual of sapinḍikaraṇ (shrāddha performed on the 12th day).
2) The period of sūtak applicable to other relatives (For example – maternal uncle, nephew, paternal aunt etc.) depends upon the relation with the dead.
Restrictions to be followed during sūtak
A person undergoing the period of sūtak should not touch other people, should not perform any religious or auspicious acts, should not participate in any social activity and should not have food with others.
Purification
After the period of the sūtak is over, the person affected should purify himself by bathing and sipping panchagavya (Mixture of cow’s milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung).

On the 11th day, panchagavya hom (Fire-sacrifice to appease Deities) should be performed in the house and panchagavya (A mixture of cow’s milk, curd, ghee, cow’s urine and cow dung) should be sprinkled all over the house. All family members should sip panchagavya. The kartā should make a sankalp (resolve) for the benefit of the deceased and donate food-grains and perfom dasha-dāns (Ten types of donations or offerings). Shrāddhas (Special rituals performed for the departed ancestors) such as Ekoddishta shrāddha, Vasugan shrāddha and Rudragan shrāddha should be performed outside the house, in a cowshed or elsewhere. Sapindikaran shrāddha : Sixteen monthly shraddhas are performed on 11th or 12th day so that one becomes authorised to perform sapindikaran shrāddha. Sapindikaran shrāddha is performed on the 12th day. With the performance of sapindikaran shraddha, the individual attains the title of 'Pitru' and gets a place in Pitrulok. Really speaking, it is appropriate to perform sixteen monthly shrāddhas in the respective months and sapindikaran shrāddha a day before the yearly shrāddha; however, the present custom is to perform all this on the 12th day post-death itself.

Due to the rituals performed on the 13th day, the linga-dēha (subtle body) penetrates the atmospheric range of earth and attains further momentum. Attaining momentum means cutting off all ties with his family members by the linga-dēha and developing a relationship with God. To greet this blissful process of doing away with the attachment with the gross body and developing attraction towards God, everyone is invited for a meal comprising sweets as a symbolic gesture.

Pitru Tarpan Puja

Pitru Tarpan & Shraddha Puja

What is Tarpana:­ Tarpana is the offerings of water libations. The followers of Sanathan Dharma (Hindus) express their gratitude and devotion by offering oblations of water (Tarpana) in memory of their ancestors. Humans have three types of debts when they are born viz. debt to Lord Krsna and the devas, debt to the Rishis and finally debt to ones departed ancestors. 'Trup' means satisfying others. The word 'Tarpana' has been formed from the root word ‘Trup’. Offering water to Lord Krsna, the devas, the rishis and one’s ancestors one satisfies them immensely and through it is called Tarpana. The objective of performing Tarpana is that Lord Krsna, the devas, the rishis and one’s ancestors whose names are pronounced while performing Tarpana, should bestow happiness on the performer.

Pind Dann Pujan

Pitru Trapan Pujan

Shradha Pujan

Other Pitru Puja

Naryana Bali Puja

Narayan Bali Puja is performed to fulfill and pacify the unsatisfied desires of the dead souls which are trapped in our world that stay with the soul even after death. To get rid of their own pain they trouble their own descendants. Lord Vishnu further states this in the Garuda Purana to Shree Garuda: – "Until the funeral rites are properly performed the dead man, ever hungry, roams about day and night in the form of airy matter". Narayan Bali Puja is performed by taking Sankalpam and kalasha aradhana is done by invoking Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Yam and preta , Narayan bali srardham is performed and later Narayan bali homam is done and at the end pind pradan is done in Kaveri river or any local river and the person takes bath.
Benefits of Narayan Bali Puja :
1) Get rid of ancestral curse and all obstacles, bad dreams & hindrances are dispelled.
2) This is a remedy for all problems such as marriage & child birth delays, financial troubles, illness etc.
3) Our ancestors will remain rest in peace and blessings of them are secured.
4) Helps to get rid of the Negative effect of Pitru Dosh in the horoscope.
5) Secures the Family from all the bad spirits after performance of rites and the blessings of ancestors are received.


Matru Gaya Shrardha puja

Matru Gaya Shrardha puja is a beautiful way of paying homage to the deceased mother(s) in the family- mother, grandmother or great grandmother. This ceremony helps the dissatisfied departed spirits to attain peace and salvation. It is the duty of every son/daughter to perform Shrardha puja for his/her deceased mother.
It is located on the banks of Bindu Sarovar in Siddhpur, Mehsana district, Gujarat, India. It is here, on the banks of Bindu Sarovar, that Lord Parashuram first performed Pind Daan for his mother. Siddhpur is also known as Sri-sthal or a "pious place", as mentioned in Rig Veda. The Bindu Sarovar has its special sanctity and glory for it being the Tapobhumi of Shri Kapil Dev (Sage Kapila). He founded the Sankhya Shastra here and his mother attained moksha.
Why is Matru Shrardha performed here?
The puja is performed on the banks of Bindu Sarovar. It is on these banks that Sage Kapila preached the essence of attaining Moksha to his mother. Bhagwan Swaminarayan had also sanctified the Bindu Sarovar. The Matrugaya Shradh puja has been mentioned in Rig-Veda and considered very pious by Hindus. Since the Moksha of Devhuti, Bindu Sarovar in Siddhpur has been established as the only place in India where this special Shrardha for mothers can be carried out. It is thus honoured by people and they come here annually to perform the rituals for their dead mothers.
Who should do the puja?
Those who have not performed Shrardha for their deceased mothers can perform this puja. It is also said that those who perform the Matrugaya Shrardha puja at Siddhpur, on the banks of Bindu Sarovar, need not perform any further Shrardha pujas for their mothers, as this puja is said to help their spirits achieve Moksha directly.

Pind Dann Pujan

Pitru Trapan Pujan

Shradha Pujan

Life and Death

Graha/Nakshtra Dosha

Ganda Moola Nakshatra Dosha: Ganda Moola Nakshatra Dosha is present in the birth charts, if a native One who takes birth, this word is used for astrology purpose is born in any one of the six Nakshatras
1. Ashwini,
2. Magha,
3. Moola ruled by Ketu Dragon’s tail, or
4. Ashlesha,
5. Jyeshtha,
6. Revati ruled by Mercury,
in certain Ghati and Charanas. The person born in these Nakshatras are under the effects of Ganda Moola Nakshatra Dosha. Only a certain part or a Charana of Ganda Moola Nakshatra is believed to be in malefic. Unfavorable, opposite of benefice effect of Ganda Moola Nakshatra Dosha, not the whole. "Only first four Ghati(first Charana) of Ashwini, Magha and Mool(fire signs Aries, Leo, Sagittarius), which are ruled by Ketu and last four Ghatis(last charana) of Ashlesha, Jyestha and Revati (water signs Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces), which are ruled by Mercury, are believed to be in inauspicious effect of Ganda Moola Nakshatra Dosha" . Rest of the Ganda Moola Nakshatra is considered auspicious. Individuals born in Ganda Moola Nakshatra are more intelligent, ambitious, hard working and they rise more in comparison to others.

Six Possible Moon signs for Ganda Moola Nakshatra Dosha: Ganda Moola Nakshatra Dosha may be present in some of astrological charts, only if you or your child is born in any one of the six moon signs. These are as follows:
1. Aries 2. Leo 3. Sagittarius, i.e. fire signs or 4. Cancer 5. Scorpio 6. Pisces, i.e. water signs.
But the person’s birth should be exceptionally, in certain Ghati and Charanas of any one of six Ganda Moola Nakshatras. These are as follows:
1. Ashwini
2. Magha
3. Mool ruled by Ketu (dragon’s tail) or
4. Ashlesha
5. Jyeshtha
6. Revati ruled by Mercury.
How to identify your Janam Nakshatra is in Ganda Moola Dosha: In an individual’s horoscope Synonym of birth chart, prepared with date, time and place of birth of an individual, the constellation A group of visible stars making a figure and visible at the night sky. Constellations (Nakshatras) are 27 divisions of zodiac, each measuring 13.20'. They are also termed as Lunar mansions (Nakshatra in Indian Vedic astrology) or Nakshatra is given for that native in the beginning, in basic details and one can easily identify the Nakshatra or constellation at his/her time of birth. This Nakshatra placed in birth chart A diagram showing exact position of planets in signs at time of birth of an individual prepared with the help of time, date and place of birth of a child is known as Janam Nakshatra. Janam Nakshatra is the constellation in which Moon was present at an individual’s time of birth. Generally, if a child is born in any of these six Ganda Moola Nakshatras, i.e. Ashwini, Ashlesha, Magha, Jyestha, Mool and Revati, he or she is considered to be born in Ganda Moola Nakshatra Dosha.

Kala Sarpa Dosha Nivarana: If all 7 planets fall between the Rahu and Ketu in a birth chart, then Kaal Sarp Dosha is formed. Kaal Sarp Dosh is a very serious condition of the birth chart. If it is present in any person’s birth chart then he/she will face many problems in their life. In Kaal Sarp Dosh you can face the following problems:
1. Health Problems
2. Career And Job Problems
3. Money And Business Problems
4. Marriage Related Problems
5. Relationship Problems
Types of Kaal Sarp Dosh :
As per the position of Rahu and Ketu in birth chart houses 12 types of Kaal Sarp Dosha formed and complete details of all types of Kaal Sarp Dosha are given below:
1) Anant Kaal Sarp Dosha
If Rahu is in 1st house and Ketu in 7th, then Anant Kaal Sarp Dosha forms.
2) Kulik Kaal Sarp Dosha
If Rahu is in 2nd house and Ketu in 8th, then Kulik Kaal Sarp Dohsa forms.
3) Vasuki Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Rahu is in 3rd house and Ketu in 9th house then Vasuki Kaal Sarp Dosha Forms.
4) Shankpal Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Rahu is in 4th house and Ketu in 10th house then Shankpal Kaal Sarp Dosha Forms.
5) Padam Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Rahu is in 5th house and Ketu in 11th house then Padam Kaal Sarp Dosha forms.
6) Maha Padam Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Rahu is in 6th house and Ketu in 12th house then Mahapadam Kaal Sarp Dosha forms.
7) Takshak Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Rahu is in 7th house and Ketu in the 1st house then Takshak Kaal Sarp Dosha forms.
8) Karkotak Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Ketu is in 2nd house and Rahu in 8th house then Karkotak Kaal Sarp Dosha forms.
9) Shankachood Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Ketu is in 3rd house and Rahu is in 9th house then Shankhachood Kaal Sarp Dosha forms.
10) Ghaatak Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Ketu is in 4th house and Rahu is in 10th house then Ghaatak Kaal Sarp Dosha forms.
11) Vishdhar Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Ketu is in 5th house and Rahu is in 11th house then Vishdhar Kal Sarp Dosha forms.
12) Sheshnag Kaal Sarp Dosha
When Ketu is in 6th house and Rahu is in 12th house then Sheshnag Kaal Sarp Dosha forms.

What is Mangal Dosha : In Vedic astrology, the Mangal dosha is considered to be a serious astrological condition that affects a person's life, marriage and only brings misfortune. It is also known as the Kuja dosha, Bhom dosha or Angrakha dosha.
Do I have Mangal Dosha? :
Mangal dosha or kuja dosha or chovva dosha is a celestial mix that happens if Mars (Mangal) is present in the first, second, fourth, seventh, eighth, or twelfth place of the ascendant birth chart or horoscope. A person with mangal dosha in his natal chart is called Manglik. Mars when it is positioned in any of the mentioned houses, believed to be unfavorable for marriages and it leads to tensions, disharmony, dissatisfaction and disasters in married life.
What are the effects of Manglik Dosha?
1) The most common effect of Manglik dosha is - Delay in Marriage.
2) Manglik dosha causes the marriage to be solemnized as late as at the age of 34 years, 38 years and even in 40s.
3) Apart from this if a manglik boy/girl is married to a non-manglik spouse then the event of death or severe accidents have been witnessed by many couples which lead to death, permanent disability of the non-manglik spouse.
Remedies for early marriage for Mangalik:
1) Marriage between Mangliks: Marriage between two Mangliks nullifies the ill-effects of the planet. So it is said that Manglik should marry a Manglik to have well balanced married life.
2) Kumbh Vivah: Ritualistically the mangalik should first marry a banana tree, peepal tree or a silver / gold idol of Lord Vishnu. Once this ritual gets organised, the ill effect of Mangal Dosha gets reduced by a large extent.
3) Fasting on Tuesdays: Fasting on Tuesdays also brings down the ill-effects of Manglik dosha. During the fast, the Mangliks are only supposed to eat Toor dal (split-pigeon gram).
4) Performing poojas in temples: Visiting Navagraha temple mitigates the negativity caused by mangal dosha. Performig poojas and visiting Lord Hanuman temples on Tuesdays are effective ways of mitigating the ill-effects of mangal dosha.
5) Navgrah Mantra: Chanting navagraha mantra on Tuesdays also bring favorable results for the Mangliks.
6) Hanuman Chalisa: Chanting Hanuman Chalisa on Tuesdays also bring favorable results for the Mangliks.
7) Red Coral studded gold ring: Portland Pandit also prescribe Mangliks to wear red coral studded gold ring on the ring finger of the right hand.
8) Marriage after 28: A mangalik is advised to get married after the age of 28 because the intensity of the dosha comes down with age.
9) Offerings: Certain things like sword and knife are offered to propitiate Mars. Besides Foods like lenthil Daal, wheat bread, red silk and red stones are offered to Mars as an act of pacification.
Remedies especially for Girls for Mangal Dosha:
1) Girl should do Abhisheka for Shiva Linga.
2) Girl should chant regularly 'Om Namo Narayana'
3) Girl’s parent should perform Narayana Pooja for delay marriage
4) Girl should fast on Mondays for 16 consecutive Mondays, and Pray to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
5) Girl must tie knot between Shiva & Parvati and must pray for early marriage
6) Girl should read verses related to the marriage of Shiva and Parvati in Balkand of Ramcharita manas.

What is Pitra Dosh: Pitra Dosh refers to the set of misfortunes resulting in people’s lives due to the curse given by the departed ancestors. Pitru dosh can bring about several crisis situations in the family and cause severe restlessness. Curses of forefathers is said to cause pitra dosham according to puranas, but reality is that, one faces this only because of his/her past life deeds.
What causes Pitra Dosh:
People who leave their bodies during death enter the world of ancestors known as Pitru Loka. Those residing in the pitru loka feel extreme pangs of hunger and thirst. They cannot however eat anything on their own and can only accept the offerings given to them during Shraadh ceremonies. It is therefore highly important for the children to propitiate them through the regular observance of the Shraadh ceremony. Defaults in this can invite the anger of the ancestors and result in Pitru Dosh.
Pitra Dosh symptoms:
Those who have pitru dosh might experience one or more of the following problems in their family life.
Pitra Dosh Symptoms:
1) Absence of progeny in the family or repeated miscarriages.
2) Immature and sudden deaths of children due to accidents or deadly diseases.
3) Incurable illnesses or physical or mental disability of the children in the family.
4) Poverty and scarcity of resources in the family even for basic loving.
5) Restlessness, quarrels and frequent disagreements within the family.
6) Appearance of snakes in dreams of family members.
7) Highly bothering debts and the inability to clear them despite best efforts.
Other easy Pitra Dosh remedies:
You can choose from based on your convenience and free yourself from the overburdening influences of Pitru Dosh.
1) Watering a banyan tree can give the results of making offerings to the Pitrus. Do this regularly to escape from the ill effects of Pitru Dosh.
2) If you are doubtful of maintaining the regularity of Shraadh year on year on the day of the departed member of the family, at least you can strictly fulfil the rituals and offerings prescribed over the fifteen days following the death.
3) Take blessings from parents everyday before leaving the house
4) Perform religious rights prescribed for deceased ancestors regularly.
5) Donate atleast 5-10% of your income to physically or mentally handicapped people.
6) Taking responsibility for the marriage of a girl preferably of a poor family to obtain the grace of God and ancestors.
7) observe fasting during nights of fullmoon and newmoon days.


1.) Ashwini [Aries 0 to Aries 13-20']
Actions: Installing an Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayanam, parting of hair on the head - Simontan, shaving - cuda karanam, education - vidya rambhan, etc., agriculture.
Nature: Masculine, Vaishyas, spiritual, gentle, looking forward, sight weak, lunar, no. of stars 3, ruled by demigod the Ashwini kumars, traders, shaped like a horse's head, short, Kul.
ASHWINI is a deva or godly star, auspicious in nature, and is related to the Ashwini-Kumaras, demigods/devas who ride in a golden chariot, healing people, bringing light and happiness. Ideas to be gleaned from this star are the light of dawn, the transport of goods, and performance of miracles. When this star is on the ascendant, we find a likeable person with a lovely appearance, well-dressed and ornamented, efficient in work, living by respectable means, and the prominent member of the family. It is a resolute person, able to control eating habits, happy, carefree and modest, though more financially successful than most. The star Aswini rules horses and their dealers and riders, physicians (this star presides over the celestial physicians, the Aswini Kumaras), merchants, attractive personalities, attendants, astrologers, and commandants.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Aries; Of unsteady mind, having sinful attachments, indulg-ing in sensual pleasures and with a tendency to criticize others.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Aries; Having scriptural knowledge; having many talents, a jack of all trades; handsome in appearance and a good learner.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to l0 degrees Aries; Mathematical talents; earning by physical labor; a good teacher or advertiser; suffering from piles; a villainous streak.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Aries; Effeminate; wise, truthful, rich, liked by the opposite sex, knowledge of astrology.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at ASWINI:
1st Pada: Not good for child or for the father
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

2.) Bharani [Aries 13-20' to Aries 26-40']
Action: Violent, nefarious activities, entering a cave, tunnel; reconcilement, swindling, killing, poisoning others, distilling poisonous medicines, work related to weapons, fire.
Nature: Masculine, outcast, material, looking downward, sight average, lunar, ordinary, no. of stars 3, ruled by demigod/deva Yamaraj, shaped like female sex organ, violent, Akul.
BHARANI is a manusya or earthly star with a dreadful nature. It is the star of restraint. It is symbolized by the womb, indicating that this star can hide or eclipse things. It carries the ideas of struggle and suffering. It is ruled by Yamaraja, the lord of death, and indicates a person who is entangled in the material world. Its animal symbol is the elephant and it represents the worker class.
When this star is on the ascendant, we find a fickle-minded person, addicted to the opposite sex, proud, courageous and with good longevity. The native is fond of kinsmen, helpful to friends and usually having few children. This is a vital character who is easily led by others, with questionable moral behavior and troubled by others' jealousy. When the Moon is in the star of Bharani, the person is free from disease, clever in doing work, happy and dutiful.
Bharani rules those who feed off flesh and blood, cruel men, those men engaged in killing, torture, incarceration, the lowborn, cereals, and those devoid of courage and nobility.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Aries: having a strong temper; of reddish hair; able to defeat one's enemies; broad-minded, valorous and perseverant.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Aries: lazy, clever, weakness for the opposite sex, having scriptural knowledge and a religious mind.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Aries: lean and tall appearance with broad eyes; much pride but with wisdom and a balanced temper.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Aries: courageous, cruel, proud, obstinate, keeping bad company, with few good qualities.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at BHARANI:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Affects father & mother of native
4th Pada: Good.

3.) Krittika [Aries 26-40' to Taurus 10-00']
Action: Violent, nefarious activities, separation, battle, reconcilement.
Nature: Masculine, Brahman, carnal, looking downward, sight good, lunar, ordinary, soft/harsh mix, no. of stars 6, ruled by god Vahni, violent, shaped like a dagger, Kul.
KRTTIKA is of rakshasa or lower-class nature but with potencies of a mixed nature. Krttika means "the axe." It represents physical and creative force or the energy to achieve greatness. It is ruled by Agni, the fire god, and it brings burning sensations to the body or mind. The animal symbol is the sheep and the caste it rules are intellectuals.
When this star is on the ascendant, it indicates a proud, dignified and honorable type of person, full of ambition for power, who is angry but truthful, with a strong appetite and a wavering mind but much skill and many posses-sions.
When the Moon is in the star of Krttika, the person is well-known and of brilliant appearance, eating heavily, being fond of other's mates, having strength of purpose but of unstable mind.
Krttika presides over white flowers, qualified brahmanas, those who possess knowledge of sacred hymns and mantras, sacrificial offerings, grammarians, miners, barbers, potters, holy men, and astrologers.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Aries to 0 degrees Taurus; wise, well-mannered, sickly but of good longevity, having a taste for varieties of pleasures and knowledge.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Taurus; having a dislike for spiritual men, doing actions which displease many people and which go against scripture, instigating others to action.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Taurus; valorous and proud, indiscreet, quick-tempered likes prostitutes and has questionable means of livelihood.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to 10 degrees Taurus; thievish habits, humble but arrogant, worried, poor, troubled, sickly and suffering mental misery in life.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at KRITTIKA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Affects father & mother
4th Pada: Good

4.)Rohini [Taurus 10-00' to Taurus 23-20']
Actions: Installing a Deity idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayana, parting of hair on the head - simontan, constructing a house - griha rambham, marriage - vivaha, coronation, buying an elephant, work of permanent nature - admestikas, sthapanam, etc.
Nature: Masculine, Shudras, salvation, looking upward, sight blind, solar, fixed, powerful, no. of stars 5, ruled by demigod/deva Brahma, shaped like a cart, Akul.
ROHINI is an auspicious star ruled by Brahma, who engineers the creation of the universe. Rohini is manusya or earthly and it is connected to the Moon, indicating one who serves the public. It is fixed in nature, so this person may be strong and responsible. Rohini suggests a person involved in agricultural or factory production and the shipment of goods for public sale. It stands for growth and development.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is sensually attractive and becomes a charismatic leader of others. There may be a fault-finding mentality and early separation from parents or the tendency to be unhelpful to the mother. Rohini indicates a wealthy, popular and religious person, who may have weak eyes, talent in earning and a romantic, alluring quality, being well-built, productive and virile. When the Moon is in Rohini, one is truthful, pure, sweet-tongued, of a settled mind and of lovely appearance.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Taurus: a passionate, greedy person with impolite speech and good looks.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Taurus: large eyes, gentle habits, a good speaker, somewhat sickly but in control of the senses.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Taurus: of strong devotion and praiseworthy habits; charitable, happy and talented at mathematics.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Taurus: rich, able to understand other's minds and predict events, with strong arms, popular, wise and lives a harmonious life.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at ROHINI:
1st Pada: Affects mother & mother's brother (just as with baby Krishna)
2nd Pada: Affects mother & mother's brother
3rd Pada: Affects mother's brother
4th Pada: Good

5.)Mrigsira [Taurus 23-20' to Gemini 6-40']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayana, parting of hair on the head - simontan, shaving - cuda karan, constructing a house - griha rambham, marriage - vivaha, travel, work of or with camels and elephants.
Nature: Masculine, servants, salvation, looking forward, sight weak, solar, soft, no. of stars 3, ruled by god Chandra, shaped like a deer's head, Kul.
MRGA means "the deer." It indicates one with an attractive-looking face like a deer. It is a soft and deva or godly star, creating a gentle and peaceful person, who can do research and is poetic and creative. The animal symbol is the serpent, indicating a thin body and satirical nature. Mrgashira is ruled by the Moon, giving a sensitive or perceptive nature.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is attractive, inquisitive, a seeker of truth and beauty, with good intelligence and feminine appearance, much enthusiasm, a vacillating mind, sickness in childhood and many enemies. The body may be thin, and the nature is talkative, whimsical, devoted to the mother, and this could be an orator or singer.
When the Moon tenants the star of Mrgashira, one is fickle, sharp-witted, timid, eloquent in speech, afraid of confrontation, industrious in work, wealthy and indulgent in sensual pleasures.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Taurus: rich, of a bad nature, enjoys victory over enemies, not handsome, possibly obese.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Taurus to 0 degrees Gemini: of good nature, handsome, truthful and full of knowledge; much anger and envy of others within.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Gemini: a traveller, grateful, a good speaker, benevolent towards others, and of keen intellect.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Gemini: passionate, learned in erotics, wounds on the body and opposing others in debate or competition.
No Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at MRGASIRA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

6.) Ardra [Gemini 6-40' to Gemini 20-00']
Action: Reconcilement, separation, surgical operation, chemistry
Nature: Feminine, detestable, carnal, looking upward, sight average, lunar, harsh, detestable, no. of stars 1, ruled by demigod/deva Shiva, shaped like a shining ruby, Kulakul.
ARDRA is a sharp natured star, earthly in nature, and can be translated as "the teardrop," indicating one who can cause others pain. The class of person it represents is the hunter and animal-killer.
This star can indicate one who torments others, or one who feels for the suffering of others, but usually the former indication holds true.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is proud, long-lived, receiving money from the government, with few children, a thief of other's goods, of crafty speech and fickle mind, of robust body; it is usually an athlete or manual laborer, not suited to intellectual work. Such a person is usually poor, deceitful, critical and has a good memory.
When the Moon is in Ardra, the person is perfidious, haughty, ungrateful, mischievous and sinful.
Ardra (Arudra) rules over thieves, rogues, cruel and adulterous men, liars, hunters, those who kill or create disorder, cereals, enchanters and sorcerers as well as those well versed in the art of calling spirits.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to 10 degrees Gemini: noble and of praiseworthy habits, truthful, of good intelligence and in control of the senses.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Gemini: frank, outspoken, cruel, proud and sickly.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Gemini: an angry person, cruel, a back-biter, opposing the godly.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Gemini: ugly, dirty, evil-minded, getting bad advice, hating one's brethren and of bad character.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: ARDRA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: This placement gives a little dosh

7.) Punarvasu [Gemini 20-00' to Cancer 3-20']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayana, parting of hair on the head - simontan, shaving - cuda karan, constructing a house - griha rambham, changing places or moving out.
Nature: Masculine, Vaishyas, material, sight good, looking forward, lunar, movable, powerful, no. of stars 4, ruled by goddess Aditi, shaped like a building, traders, Akul.
PUNARVASU: Puna means "repeat." Punarvasu is known as the "star of renewal." It suggests someone who changes residence often, who undergoes a change of personalities or a purification of self during life. Punarvasu is a deva or godly star, ruled by Aditi, the mother of the demigods. It is a moveable star connected with the merchant class of people. The animal symbol is the cat. Punarvasu is translated as "the good," or "the brilliant."
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is freedom-loving, not able to be tied down, and changes partners frequently or moves from place to place. Punarvasu creates a good, charitable and intelligent character, easily satisfied and somewhat weak-minded, poetic, of a passionate temperament, faithful, fun-loving and careful in business but only moderately successful financially.
When the Moon tenants the star of Punarvasu, the person is self-controlled, happy, friendly, dull and easily contented, diseased and unable to bear thirst.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Gemini: hairy and fat bodied; suffering from imbalances of air; wise but arrogant, passionate and of quick temper.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Gemini: of good habits; able to protect one's brethren; clever in work, religious and of bilious temperament.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Gemini to 0 degrees Cancer: greedy, hypocritical, poetic, good longevity, dental problems.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Cancer: liked by the opposite sex, handsome and a good speaker.
NO Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: PUNARVASU:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

8.) Pushya (Pushyami) [Cancer 3-20' to Cancer 16-40']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayan, parting of hair on the head - simontan, travel, entering new house - griha pravesham, marriage - vivaha.
Nature: Feminine, Kshatriya, spiritual, looking upward, sight blind, lunar, short, gentle, no. of stars 3, ruled by the priest of the demigods/devas Brihaspati, shaped like an arrow, Kul.
PUSHYA is considered the BEST of the 27 stars. It is deva or godly, and is ruled by Brhaspati, the chief priest of the demigods. It is symbolized by the udder of the cow, indicating that this is a productive and nourishing star. A person born with this star's influence may live a flourishing life, can provide for many others and makes a good teacher or advisor. Usually there is a well-built or plump body.
When this star is on the ascendant, the character is earnest and thoughtful and religious, stubborn but eloquent, learned in the scripture, independent and successful in the profession. One with a Pushya influence helps relatives and rises to a good status in the world.
When the Moon tenants the star of Pushya, one has a composed mind, is learned, wealthy, virtuous and liked by all.
If Pushyami falls on a Thursday, then it is prefered for all kinds of auspicious / sat kriya karmanis.
Pusya rules over grains such as wheat, rice, and barley, sugar-cane, forests, advisers and ministers of kings, fishermen and the like, those that are virtuous and engaged in sacrifices.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Cancer: one who is cruel with a bad temper; harboring ill will towards others; tall in appearance, liking solitude, suffering shooting pains in the body.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to 10 degrees Cancer: respected by many people; liking everyone; moderately wealthy.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: l0 degrees to 13-20 degrees Cancer: happy, knowledgeable, devoted, of spiritual wisdom, respected, liked by wise men, forgiving towards others.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Cancer: fat, adulterous, hard-hearted and a quarrelsome sort.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: PUSYAMI:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Affects father & mother
3rd Pada: Affects father & mother
4th Pada: Good

9.) Ashlesha [Cancer 16-40' to Cancer 30-00']
Action: Gambling, argumentation, commerce, falsehood, addiction, burning, anger.
Nature: Feminine, outcast, spiritual, sight weak, looking downward, lunar, harsh, detestable, no. of stars 5, ruled by god Sarp, shaped like a wheel, Akul.
ASHLESHA is a rakshasa or demoniac star, sharp in nature and symbolized by the coiled snake. This suggests an anti-social, tactless character who can be penetrating in knowledge and austere in habit. It is translated as "the entwiner," and its predominating deity is Sarpa, the god of the serpents, representing the lower classes. Ashlesha can bring pain but also good transcendental aspirations.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is cruel, fickle, with few children, unsociable, having awkward manners and being unable to adapt to the environment. The native is capable of much exertion, but is unkind and needs to develop tact and needs to do humanitarian deeds. This person can cause some anxiety to the parents, and will accept some service position in society.
When the Moon tenants this star, one is insincere, unable to control eating, sinful, deceitful and ungrateful.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Cancer: well-known, charitable, of broad chest, long arms, good money, happy and wise.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Cancer: ugly, dirty, uncharitable, foolish, sickly and unmotivated.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Cancer: a fat, bent or crooked body with much anger and lethargy. Clever in work , of scientific knowledge, opposed to the saints.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Cancer to 0 degrees Leo: passionate, attached to loose sex, frequently sickly, having few children.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: ASLESHA:
1st Pada: This placement create only a little dosh
2nd Pada: This placement creates loss of wealth
3rd Pada: Affects the mother
4th Pada: Little dosh

10.) Makha (Magh) [Leo 0-00' to Leo 13-20']
Action: Agriculture, commerce, collection of something, marriage - vivaha, singing, dance, battle, Killing, swindling, poisoning others, distilling poisonous medicines, work related to weapons, fire.
Nature: Feminine, Shudras, material, looking downward, sight average, no. of stars 5, ruled by Pitar, shaped like a house, violent, lunar, Kul.
MAGHA is translated as "the mighty one." It represents people in important positions. It is a rakshasa or demoniac star, dreadful in nature, but seems to have good effects when placed on the ascendant. It is symbolized by the king's chamber. It represents a proud and dignified person who carries on the family's traditions, and who has lordship over the masses.
When this star is on the ascendant, we find a person who has servants and wealth and who enjoys the pleasures of the world, who is devoted to God and to elders, and who receives praise from good people. Such person is learned and respectable, but susceptible to the allurements of the opposite sex, will have some deep-rooted dislike for certain people, and is known for doing work completely.
When the Moon is in this star, a similar description applies. Such person will live in comfort, do some important work and is physically strong.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Leo: a reddish or colorful appearance; a big eater; a ferocious look in the eyes; an enthusiastic character.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Leo: of some notoriety; a worrier and a liar; sickly, having many expenses and in knowledge of bad things.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to l0 degrees Leo: a flatterer and a back-biter, quarrelsome in nature; strong, a big eater and susceptible to intestinal problems.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Leo: heavily sexed; a sweet talker, arrogant and a sinner.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: MAGHA:
1st Pada: Affects child
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Affects father & mother
4th Pada: Good

11.) Poorvaphalguni (Pubba) [Leo 13-20' to Leo 26-40']
Action: Argumentation, violent and nefarious activities, war, selling meat, swindling, poisoning others, distilling poisonous medicines, Killing, work related to weapons, fire.
Nature: Feminine, Brahman, carnal, looking downward, sight good, solar, no. of stars 2, ruled by Bhag, violent, shaped like a scaffold, Kul.
PURVAPHALGUNI is earthly in nature, and is ruled by the beautiful planet Venus, thus indicating an attractive person with the ability to sway others or to deal sweetly with people. It is a dreadful star but it is also lucky by nature. One translation of it is "the fruit of the tree." It bestows good karma and is ruled by the demigod Bhagya, which means fortune.
When this star is on the ascendant, we get an active, physical person, or someone always on the go, who is well-known, able to command others, inclined towards the "natural" life, and generous in the distribution of money. Good health and love for sports may be seen.
When the Moon tenants this star, the person will be a wanderer, loyal to one's leader or to a cause, liberal and of bright appearance.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Leo: of sweet speech; brave, temperamental, courageous and lazy.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Leo: drinks much liquid; a worrier, well-known, fiery or enthusiastic, clean in habit and hardworking.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Leo: a bit of a rogue, oversexed but devoted to the mate and family; artistic talents; evil thoughts in the mind.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Leo: sinful and ungentle and giving trouble to the pious folk; having wounds on the body and a number of sons.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: PURVAPHALGUNI:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Little dosh

12.) Uttaraphalguni [Leo 26-40' to Virgo 10-00']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayana, entering the new house - grha-pravesh, constructing a house - griha-rambham, coronation, marriage - vivaha.
Nature: Feminine, Kshatriya, salvation, looking upward, sight blind, solar, fixed, powerful, no. of stars 2, ruled by god Aryama, shaped like a bed, Akul.
UTTARAPHALGUNI is a manusya or earthly star, sometimes translated as the "fig tree." It is fruitful and generates good qualities. It is ruled by the Sun and is a star that creates leaders in their fields. It is also translated as "the star of patronage," for it signifies one who can give assistance to others. It is a fixed star, indicating that the person born under this constellation is stable and successful. It is symbolized by a bed which suggests participation in healing others.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is handsome, learned, with a good amount of money and a number of mates or partners, generous but proud, intelligent but ungrateful, and inclined to perform penances for material rewards or to achieve mystic powers. Talkative and sensual, such person may have some talent in business and handicrafts.
When the Moon tenants this star, one earns money by learning, is well-liked, voluptuous in appearance, happy and friendly, owning self-acquired property.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Leo to 0 degrees Virgo: wealthy, famous, brave, prosperous household, doer of good deeds.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Virgo: unsteady character, poor, critical, who receives charity and may have some success in agriculture.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT : 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Virgo: a proud, passionate and clean person with much knowledge.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to 10 degrees Virgo: a humorous but ungrateful person, a sinner, with few kids.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at:
UTTARAPHALGUNI:

1st Pada: Affects both parents
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Creates little dosh

13.) Hasta [Virgo 10-00' to Virgo 23-20']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayana, parting of hair on the head - simontan, shaving - cudakaran, constructing a house - griha rambham, marriage - vivaha, coronation.
Nature: Feminine, Vaishyas, salvation, looking forward, sight weak, solar, short, gentle, no. of stars 5, ruled by god Sun , Karpanchak, shaped like an arm, traders, Akul.
HASTA is represented by the clenched fist. It indicates a person of purity in thought and deed mixed with the power to control. It is deva or godly in nature. It indicates the ability to create, heal or remove ignorance. Hasta is a light star giving a pleasant temperament. It is of merchant caste.
When this star is on the ascendant, we get a likeable character, skilled with the hands, sociable and entertaining but fixed in purpose. A Hastan is handsome in appearance, orthodox in behavior, sensitive, artistic and inclined towards public service. A Hastan is able in contests, fond of foreign lands, eloquent in speech and of a thievish mind.
When the Moon tenants this star, the person is thievish, merciless, impudent, industrious in work and inclined towards intoxication.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Virgo: strong and able to defeat enemies; perhaps of short life; of quick temper; in positions of servitude.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Virgo: of good qualities and sweet speech; living in one's homeland; few brothers.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Virgo: interested in music; evil-minded; separated from the father.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Virgo: of right conduct; strong and of high status; heavy eater; helped by the mother's family.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: HASTA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Affects parents.
4th Pada: Good

14.) Chitra [Virgo 26-40' to Libra 6-40']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanaya, parting of hair on the head - simontan, shaving - cuda karan, entering the new house - griha pravesham, constructing a house - griha rambham.
Nature: Feminine, agriculturist, carnal, looking forward, sight average, solar, soft, no. of stars 1, ruled by god Twasta , Karpanchak shaped like a pearl , Kul.
CHITRA is a rakshasa or lower nature star translated as "the brilliant," or "the beautiful." It suggests pretty pictures or something pleasing to look at. It confers artistic talents or the ability to arrange things nicely. Its predominating deity is the demigod Visvakarma, who is an architect. Chitra is soft in nature.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person wears colorful clothes and jewels, is liked by the opposite sex, is engaged in a variety of pursuits, has a wicked or critical streak, and lives away from the birthplace.
When the Moon tenants this star, one has a beautifully formed body with attractive eyes, and is well-decorated.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Virgo: an arrogant, strong but uncharitable character, raised in two families, and having eye disease.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Virgo to 0 degrees Libra: poor; sticks to their word; walks quickly; does austerities.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees Libra to 3-20 degrees Libra: famous and of gentle habits; brave and keeping good company; living by righteous means.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Libra: a knack for business; of sweet and cunning speech; good looks.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: CHITRA:
1st Pada: Affects parents
2nd Pada: Affects parents
3rd Pada: Little dosh
4th Pada: Minor dosh

15.) Swati [Libra 6-40' to Libra 20-00']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayana, parting of hair on the head - simontan, shaving - cuda karan, entering the new house - griha pravesham, marriage - vivaha, agriculture.
Nature: Feminine, material, looking downward, sight good, movable, solar, detestable, no. of stars 1, cruel, ruled by the demigod/deva Vayu, Karpanchak, shaped like a ruby, Akul.
SWATI is a deva or godly star, moveable in nature and translated as "the sword," and also as "the priest." It suggests a person who travels, who can cut off material attachments, and who is learned in theology. Swati is also known as "the self-going," which indicates independence in thought and deed. The predominating deity is Vayu, demigod of the air. When this star appears on the ascendant, the person is deliberate and slow in action, appearing a little simple to others, dressed simply, having a small family, living away from the birthplace, in debt, kind, happy and engaged in religious affairs.
When the Moon tenants this star, the person is righteous, clever in trade, of sweet speech, modest and compassionate.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees Libra to 10 degrees Libra: courageous, eloquent, with scientific knowledge and servants.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees Libra to 13-20 degrees Libra: questionable means of earning; hidden passion; secretive acts.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees Libra to 16-40 degrees Libra: fame, good and gentle behavior, courage, company of saints.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees Libra to 20 degrees Libra: passionate, angry, bad company, illogical talk, arrogance.
NO Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: SWATI:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

16.) Visakha [Libra 20-00' to Scorpio 3-20']
Action: Writing, dancing, singing, mechanical work, collecting commercial item, corns.
Nature: Eunuch, outcast, spiritual, solar, looking downward, sight blind, ordinary, soft/harsh mix, no. of stars 4, ruled by god Indra and Agni, Karpanchak, shaped like an arched gateway , Kul.
VISAKHA is a rakshasa or lower nature star which generates determination, forcefulness, discipline and the resolve to accomplish one's work. It is translated as "the star of purpose," indicating a successful though somewhat self-centered person. It is represented by the image of a tree with spreading branches, which suggests one who grows in influence, one who cultivates something until the fruit is ripe.
One with this star on the ascendant is aggressive and impatient, rich, wise, devoted to forms of worship, talkative and easily angered. This person needs to develop tact in dealing with others. There may be success in the import/export line.
One with the Moon in this star is quarrelsome, envious of others, covets other's goods, speaks convincingly and is of bright appearance.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees Libra to 23-20 degrees Libra: envious, arrogant, ungentle; talented at business and astrology.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees Libra to 26-40 degrees Libra: short, clever, diplomatic; interested in other's mates; having knowledge of science, astrology or palmistry.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Libra to 0 degrees Scorpio: strong, happy, a good talker, reddish in color, clean-hearted; talented at mathematics; with a bent body.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees Scorpio to 3-20 degrees Scorpio: eloquent, with noble thoughts, wise and artistic; has good luck and does good deeds.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: VISHAKHA:
1st Pada: Affects relarives of family
2nd Pada: Affects relatives of family
3rd Pada: There's a need to do shanti
4th Pada: There's a need to do shanti

17.) Anuradha [Scorpio 3-20' to 16-40']
Action: Entering the new house - griha pravesham, marriage - vivaha, eight kinds of ceremonies, reconcilement, separation, thread ceremony, constructing a house - griha rambham, installing a Deity / idol - avahani.
Nature: Eunuch, Shudras, spiritual, looking forward, sight weak, solar, soft, no. of stars 3, ruled by the demigod/deva Mitra (Sun - Vivasvan), Karpanchak, shaped like an oblation, Akul.
ANURADHA is a deva or godly star and is soft in nature. It can be translated as "the star calling others to activity," indicating that persons born under this star's influence can be organizers. It is also translated as "the star of success," which has an obvious implication. It can also be translated as "the follower of Radha," and this indicates spiritual proclivities. Radha is the feminine manifestation of the energy of God which encourages all living beings to serve the Lord.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is a wanderer, devoted to spiritual pursuits, unable to bear hunger and thirst, kind, handsome, dejected in mood and living away from the birthplace. One may be fond of family life, identified with clubs or societies, having difficulty controlling the diet and being somewhat awkward socially.
When the Moon tenants this star, similar qualities are ascribed to when this star is on the ascendant.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Scorpio: a truthful person doing good deeds; talented as a lawyer; having knowledge of ancient subjects; listens to bad advice.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to l0 degrees Scorpio: greedy but kind; religious and lucky; lives in foreign lands.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Scorpio: a wise, truthful person, an astrologer; ambitious, funny.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 to 16-40 degrees Scorpio: angry, roguish, unattractive appearance; brave and truthful.
NO Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: ANURADHA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

18.) Jyestha [Scorpio 16-40' to Scorpio 30-00']
Action: Shaving - cuda karan, commerce, writing, mechanical work, dancing, music.
Nature: Eunuch, agriculturist, material, looking forward, sight average, solar, harsh, no. of stars 3, ruled by the demigod/deva Indra, shaped like an ear ring, Kul.
JYESTHA is a rakshasa or lower nature star, forceful and sharp in nature. Jyestha means "the chief," or "the seniormost," and it confers upon a person born under its influence the talent to achieve executive positions. Such a person gets what they want. This star is ruled by the chief demigod, Lord Indra, and he bestows the power to accomplish things skillfully.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is a leader, troubled by kinsmen, intent on dharma or on one's objective, having many children or many friends around, and honored or in the company of honored persons. Externally, such a person is smooth and respectable, but internally has loose morals and much passion.
When the Moon tenants this star, we get a contented, virtuous and very irritable character.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Scorpio: humorous, proud, with writing talent, living honorably.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Scorpio: clean and eloquent; a victorious person with little sorrow except for health complaints.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Scorpio: with a diseased limb - eye troubles; bitterness with family members; cruel temper; owns land or animals.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Scorpio to 0 degrees Sagittarius: cruel and quarrelsome; suffers misery in life, is diseased or even paralyzed.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: JYESTHA:
1st Pada: Create a loss of happiness
2nd Pada: Loss of wealth
3rd Pada: Affects father
4th Pada: Affects mother

19.) Moola (Mula) [Sagittarius 0-00' to Sagittarius 13-20']
Action: Violent and nefarious activities, war, marriage - vivaha, medication, feeding on roots, bulbs, fruits.
Nature: Masculine, carnal, looking downward, cruel, sight good, solar, harsh, no. of stars 11, ruled by demigod/deva Nirrati , shaped like a lion's tail, Kulakul.
When this star is on the ascendant, marital turmoil is often indicated. The person is ambitious and independent, possibly interested in politics, handsome in appearance but with many health complaints, and learned, but subject to mental vacillation.
When the Moon tenants this star, one will be proud, fairly well-to-do, of a soft disposition, of luxurious habits and of fixed mind.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Sagittarius: knowledgeable, devoted but lethargic, sickly and arrogant; having few if any children.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Sagittarius: truthful, gentle and knowledgeable; diseased heart and eyes.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 to l0 degrees Sagittarius: passionate, handsome; sad nature; shameful actions.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Sagittarius: strong, clever, gentle, wise, in control of the senses; able to defeat opponents; suffering throat disease.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: MULA:
1st Pada: Affects parents
2nd Pada: Affects father
3rd Pada: Loss of wealth can be expected
4th Pada: Good

20.) Poorvashad [Sagittarius 13-20' to Sagittarius 26-40']
Action: Argumentation, violent and nefarious activities, war, work related to fire, weapons; killing, swindling, distilling poisonous medicines, poisoning others.
Nature: Masculine, Brahman, salvation, looking downward, sight blind, lunar, no. of stars 4, ruled by Al, violent, shaped like a tusk , Kul.
PURVAASHADA is a dreadful star, earthly in quality. It is ruled by Venus, indicating popularity. It is translated as "the undefeated," or "unsubdued," indicating a person able to be independently wealthy, or able to act as one likes without considering others' opinions. One with this influence has one's name spread around.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person is humble, with many friends and children, and faithful to the mate. One may have educational handicaps and engage in some ostentatious or foolish behavior. The native will get positions of high reputation, but does best in a service position.
When the Moon tenants this star, one will be proud, firm in friendship and devotion, and having a good and friendly marital partner.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Sagittarius: of mild and feminine appearance and habits; having few sons; of short longevity; caters to the poor and needy; is brave and humble; has income connected with water.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Sagittarius: proud, lustrous personality with a quick temper; sickly, humorous and a heavy perspirer.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Sagittarius: clean, sickly, with a pot belly; of short-lived mother; able to learn good qualities from others.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Sagittarius: strong, benevolent, truthful and of deep voice; with a short-lived father; opposes others; has skin disease.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: PURVAAASADHA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Affects parents
4th Pada: Good

21.) Uttarashad [Sagittarius 26-40' to Capricorn 10-00']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, marriage - vivaha, coronation.
Nature: Masculine, Kshatriya, salvation, looking upward, sight weak, lunar, fixed, powerful, no. of stars 4, ruled by the demigod/deva Vishwedeva, shaped like a scaffold, Akul.
UTTARAASADHA is a manusya or earthly star, fixed and auspicious in nature. It is ruled by the Sun and indicates leadership qualities. It is translated as "the universal one," which indicates the ability to relate to people and to care for the upliftment of humanity. This star carries the ideas of getting absorbed in something, of penetrating deeply into some action or some aspect of knowledge.
When this star is on the ascendant, it represents a sincere and kind character who makes a good counsellor, who is a wanderer, with many enemies and many mates, fond of fun, of sharp intellect, a good public servants, who can read intensely and may become famous.
When the Moon tenants this star, one is well-behaved, with many friends, and is grateful and amiable.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 Sagittarius to 0 degrees Capricorn: wise, broad-minded and charitable, with much scriptural wisdom; loved by their masters and teachers.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Capricorn: charitable, eloquent and firm in speech; devoted, bitter with the unrighteous; greedy and arrogant.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Capricorn: proud, cruel to others, tall and fat, with large eyes.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to 10 degrees Capricorn: charitable, religious, wealthy, truthful and well-liked.
No Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: UTTARAASADHA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

22.) Shravan [Capricorn 10-00' to Capricorn 23-20')
Action: Installing a Deity / idol, thread ceremony - upanayana, parting of hair on the head - simontan, shaving, entering the new house - griha pravesham, taking medicine, repairing old houses.
Nature: Masculine, outcast, material, looking upward, sight good, lunar, movable, no. of stars 3, ruled by the Supreme Personality of Godhead Vishnu, shaped like a dwarf, Kul.
SHRAVAN is a deva or godly star which means "hearing." It is a star of learning which is connected to the goddess Saraswati and to the Supreme Lord Vishnu. It represents communication of that knowledge which helps us transcend the material world. It is a moveable star ruling those in positions of service and worship.
When this star is on the ascendant, we find an excellent character in a lordly position, who is well-known, with many enemies, spending much money, doing religious or humanitarian work. This fortunate entity is learned, has a few children, and lives away from the birthplace.
When the Moon tenants this star, the person is learned, wealthy, famous, possessing a generous marital partner and making a good student.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Capricorn: tall and fat, virtuous but a fault-finder, with a few sons; enthusiastic; may have appendix problems.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Capricorn: passionate and greedy; thin, devoted and having servants.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Capricorn: passionate and a rogue; sickly; having money but also debts; getting material success.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Capricorn: charitable and religious; owns property and agricultural holdings; interested in dancing girls; of sun-burnt colour.
NO Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: SRAVAN:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

23.) Dhanishta (Shravistha) Capricorn 23-20' to Aquarius 6-40']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol, parting of hair on the head - simontan, shaving - cuda karan, thread ceremony - upanayana, entering the new house - griha pravesham, taking medicine - aroghya, constructing house - griha rambham.
Nature: Masculine, agriculturist, spiritual, looking upward, sight blind, lunar, movable, no. of stars 4, ruled by demigod/deva Vasu, shaped like a Mridanga (the musical instrument), Akul.
DHANISTHA is a rakshasa or lower nature star, ruled by aggressive Mars and symbolized by a drum, signifying interest or talent in music. It is translated as the "star of symphony," indicating one's participation in unifying others for a common cause. Dhanistha is moveable indicating that one's fortunes are found away from home.
When this star is found on the ascendant, it indicates a person of heroic nature, who differs temperamentally with the mate, who is charitable and of royal nature, and can be untruthful, rash, arrogant and harmful if the ascendant is afflicted by bad planets.
When the Moon tenants this star, the person is liberal in gift but greedy as well, daring and rash in action, difficult to convince about anything, wealthy, fond of music and interested in astrology.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Capricorn: with sharp chin; passionate and ambitious; cruel and worrisome.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 Capricorn to 0 degrees Aquarius: enthusiastic, truthful, wise, of firm mind, quarrelsome.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees Aquarius to 3-20 degrees Aquarius: proud, rich, well-mannered, taking good care of servants; of fair complexion, hunchback appearance; adherent to one's own opinion.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT; 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Aquarius: cruel, proud, irreligious; of hairy body; a tale-bearer.
NO Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: DHANISTHA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

24.) Shatabhisha [Aquarius 6-40' to Aquarius 20-00')
Action: Installing a Deity / idol, constructing a new house - griha rambham, entering the new house - griha pravesham, thread ceremony - upanayanam, taking medicine - aroghyam, horse riding, shaving - cuda karan/chaulam.
Nature: Masculine, spiritual, looking upward, sight weak, solar, movable, cruel, detestable, no. of stars 100, ruled by demigod/deva Varuna, shaped like a circle, Kulakul.
SATABISHA is a rakshasa or lower nature star, ruled by the powerful malefic planet Rahu. It is translated as "the hundred physicians," and it thus represents a healer and physician. It is moveable in nature. It is also known as "the veiling star," and it indicates a quiet person or one who feels restricted in self-expression.
When this star is on the ascendant, a person in servitude positions, without a large family, results. One will be quiet, moderate and interested in philosophy, mysticism or astrology, deceitful and talented at playing games. There is travel for educational purposes.
When the Moon tenants this star, one will be daring and able to conquer one's opponents, hard to convince, truthful and unfortunate.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to 10 degrees Aquarius: happy, rich, benevolent, truthful, kind to the learned and to animals.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: l0 degrees to 13-20 degrees Aquarius: a hoarder and misanthropic gossiper; proud and sinful.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Aquarius: rich, mean and hungry; may die due to heart problems.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Aquarius: proud, happy and doing good for others; bitterness with their community.
NO Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: SATABHISAK:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

25.) Poorvabhadrapad [Aquarius 20-00 to Pisces 3-20']
Action: Argumentation, violent and nefarious activities, battle, selling meat, Killing, swindling, poisoning others, distilling poisonous medicines, work related to weapons, fire.
Nature: Masculine, Brahman, material, looking upward, sight average, lunar, no. of stars 2, ruled by the demigod/deva Ajaikpad, violent, shaped like a scaffold, Kul.
PURVABHADRAPADA is earthly and dreadful in nature. It is translated as "the burning pair," and it thus represents a passionate and impetuous person with an unstable mind. It is ruled by Jupiter and thus signifies one who is repentant for their sins and mistakes. It is of brahmin or intellectual caste.
When this star falls on the ascendant, one will be high-strung, serious about philosophy, unorthodox and intent in their work, having an unusual amount of attachment to the opposite sex, changing residence often, getting money from the government, and having good longevity.
When the Moon tenants this star, one will be wealthy but miserly, afflicted and henpecked, clever in executing work.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Aquarius:
tall and heavy, envious, close to other's mates, a worrier and a fighter. 2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Aquarius:
getting wealth from the government, liked by the opposite sex, having full material happiness. 3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Aquarius to 0 degrees Pisces:
a relaxed and peaceful person, jolly, nicely dressed and honored. 4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 0 degrees to 3-20 degrees Pisces:
humble but miserly, good-looking, of good longevity, busy with one's own plans.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: P.BHADRA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: There's little dosh involved

26.) Uttarabhadrapad [Pisces 3-20' to Pisces 16-40']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol - avahani, thread ceremony - upanayanam, entering the new house - griha pravesham, constructing a house - griha rambham, coronation, marriage - vivaha.
Nature: Masculine, Kshatriya, carnal, looking upward, sight good, lunar, fixed, powerful, no. of stars 5, ruled by Vaidika/Pancharatrik/Agamik demigod/deva Ahirbundhya, shaped like a pair of twins, Akul.
UTTARABHADRAPADA is a fixed and auspicious star, earthly in nature, and translated similar to the previous star as "the burning pair." The ideas of this star are the power to control anger, and the ability to move from lower consciousness towards the spiritual plane. It is a ksatriya or warrior star, indicating the ability to protect and care for people.
When this star is on the ascendant, one gets happiness from children, likes unusual or occult things, is timid, eloquent and greedy for wealth, has permanent enemies and is fickle in mind.
When the Moon tenants this star, one is of clever speech, is happy and virtuous, enjoys life with children, overcomes enemies and likes to serve.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 3-20 degrees to 6-40 degrees Pisces: lustrous, handsome appearance; rich, truthful and popular.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 6-40 degrees to 10 degrees Pisces: thin and of good, gentle qualities; follows the right path and is of vast knowledge.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 10 degrees to 13-20 degrees Pisces: red-haired, foolish, angry, in debt and a liar.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 13-20 degrees to 16-40 degrees Pisces: envious and passionate but broad-minded; a story-teller; collects money daily.
NO Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: UTT.BHADRA:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Good

27.) Revati [Pisces 16-40' to Pisces 30-00']
Action: Installing a Deity / idol, thread ceremony - upanayanam, parting of hair on the head - simontan, shaving, entering the new house - griha pravesham, marriage - vivaha, taking medicine - arogyam, drug addiction (beginning it, and resolving it - recovery).
Nature: Masculine, Shudra, salvation, sight blind, looking forward, lunar, soft, no. of stars 32, ruled by the demigod/deva Poosham, shaped like a Mridanga (musical instrument), Akul.
REVATI is translated as "the wealthy." It is a deva or godly star, soft in nature and is ruled by the demigod Pusha. Pusha carries the ideas of protecting or nourishing, as a shepherd keeps his flock. Revati's animal symbol is the elephant, which indicates material prosperity.
When this star is on the ascendant, the person has good longevity, is attractive in appearance and comes under the sway of the opposite sex; is valiant, rich, proud, self-respecting, and sometimes jealous. Clean and of strong body, such person is sociable and makes a good teacher. When the Moon tenants this star, we get a clean, courageous, well-liked person of a well-formed body.
1st Pada: THE MOON AT: 16-40 degrees to 20 degrees Pisces: clever, happy, learned, worried, perverted thinking, oily skin.
2nd Pada: THE MOON AT: 20 degrees to 23-20 degrees Pisces: thievish, passionate and of a loose mentality; having a firm mind, in debt and having a lustrous face.
3rd Pada: THE MOON AT: 23-20 degrees to 26-40 degrees Pisces: bad manners; not straightforward; sinful and poor; open-hearted.
4th Pada: THE MOON AT: 26-40 degrees Pisces to 0 degrees Aries: barren, clean, courageous, truthful, brave, of sharp intellect.
Doshas / blemishes in the nakshatras found at: REVATI:
1st Pada: Good
2nd Pada: Good
3rd Pada: Good
4th Pada: Affects the child.

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